By V. C. Medvei CBE, MD, FRCP (auth.)
o heritage of endocrinology may be written with out reference N to Sir Humphry Davy Rolleston, whose enormous learn of the topic seemed in 1936 lower than the modest subtitle: The Endocrine Organs in healthiness and affliction with an old overview. It was once in keeping with the author's Fitzpatrick Lectures on the Royal collage of Physicians of London in 1933 and 1934. The lectureship, which dates from 1901, is dedicated to the heritage of medication. Rolleston's paintings as regards scholarship and supply can't be exceeded and should stay the forged foundation for to any extent further research. it really is of curiosity to notice that Rolleston gave the Fitzpatrick Lectures whilst he used to be seventy one years of age and had his ebook released whilst he used to be seventy four. through that point he had completed such a lot of his expert goals and the entire honours a distinct scientific occupation can supply (see part II). He perceived truly that endocrinology was once "an huge, immense topic in a so much lively degree of growth", which "recently has acquired most dear support from natural chemists, who've committed a lot time to the elucidation of the constitution, isolation and synthesis of the hormones". He remarked that the data of endocrinology was once increasing with severe rapidity, and it's been advised that during this admire it is going to seem to be itself encouraged through a development hormone. He persisted: "Before 1890 there have been relatively few courses facing the ductless glands, yet in 1913, A.
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And the brain is a gland as well as the mammae7 . In order to cure a specific disease, it was necessary to restore the lost balance by the administration of the requisite 'humours' in its containing organ. The pituita, or nasal mucus, was the secretion of the brain that flowed through the lamina cribrosa of the ethmoidF Soranus later also noted the pigment changes in the face of pregnant women and the pigmentation of the areolae, which was also known to the Hindus. In historical Greece, obstetrics became an important part of skilled medical practice and Hippocrates contributed towards its teachings, but - in fact - it was midwives who carried out a great deal of the actual practice of that discipline.
Pp. 40-41, New York, KTAV Publishing House, 1971. : p. 480. : p. 534. Himes, N. : Medical History of Contraception. p. 70, New York, Gamut Press, 1936 (reprinted 1970). : pp. 72-75. : p. 76. As 1: pp. 439-440. : p. 126. : p. 257. : pp. 538-539. : p. 262. : p. : p. 476. Iason, A. : The Thyroid Gland in Medical History, p. 22, New York, Froben Press, 1946. Garrison, F. : Introduction to the History of Medicine. , p. 66. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, 1929. 36 THE JEWS AND THE BIBLE 16. 17. 18. As 1: p.
He also classified animals according to their reproductive status into viviparous, oviparous, gemmulous, and spontaneous generation. He studied the development of the chick embryo day by day and noted the possibility of superfecundation, and said that the semen is the formative, activating agent or 'soul', the female element being the passive soil to be fertilized or moulded as the potter's clay. He 46 THE GREEKS described reproduction in the dogfish and the Cephalopoda (verified by Johannes Mueller in 1842 and Racovitza in 1894).
A History of Endocrinology by V. C. Medvei CBE, MD, FRCP (auth.)