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Read e-book online A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the PDF

By Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein

ISBN-10: 0520075900

ISBN-13: 9780520075900

The "Tibetan Question," the character of Tibet's political prestige vis-?-vis China, has been the topic of usually bitterly competing perspectives whereas the evidence of the problem haven't been absolutely obtainable to observers. whereas one faction has argued that Tibet used to be, normally, traditionally self sufficient till it was once conquered by way of the chinese language Communists in 1951 and included into the hot chinese language kingdom, the opposite faction perspectives Tibet as a standard a part of China that break up away on the instigation of the British after the autumn of the Manchu Dynasty and was once later dutifully reunited with "New China" in 1951. against this, this complete examine of recent Tibetan historical past provides an in depth, non-partisan account of the dying of the Lamaist state.Drawing on a wealth of British, American, and Indian diplomatic documents; first-hand-historical money owed written through Tibetan members; and vast interviews with former Tibetan officers, monastic leaders, infantrymen, and investors, Goldstein meticulously examines what occurred and why. He balances the normal concentrate on diplomacy with an cutting edge emphasis at the tricky internet of inner affairs and occasions that produced the autumn of Tibet. students and scholars of Asian background will locate this paintings a useful source and readers will delight in the transparent rationalization of hugely polemicized, and infrequently complicated, historic occasions.

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Extra resources for A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State

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37] Tibetan Blue Book of 1910. ― 52 ― into Tibet, thus causing great alarm. We have already sent a messenger to Calcutta to telegraph everything in detail. Please recall the Chinese officer and troops who recently arrived in Kham. [38] Meanwhile, the Chinese amban in Lhasa convinced the Dalai Lama that his apprehensions were unfounded, that the size of this force was small, and that it was coming not to interfere with the Tibetans but solely to police the trade marts. By the time the Dalai Lama realized the truth, Chinese troops were entering Lhasa.

Because of the above, it is not possible for China and Tibet to have the same relationship as before. In order for us to negotiate, a third party is necessary; therefore we should both request the British government to act as an intermediary. Our future policy will be based on the outcome of discussions between ourselves, the Chinese and the British. Are you able to agree to the participation of the British in these discussions? If so, please let me know. In case you are not agreeable to this, I am handing you a letter containing the above facts, written in both the Manchu and Tibetan languages, which I would like you to forward to the Emperor.

In the fifth Tibetan month of the Water-Mouse year (1912), the Dalai Lama returned to Tibet, staying first in Chumbi and then, in January 1913, finally entering a Lhasa free of Chinese troops and officials for the first time since the eighteenth century. While the Dalai Lama was waiting for the last of the Chinese troops to leave Tibet, Yuan Shih-k'ai sent him a dissembling telegraph apologizing for the excesses of the Chinese troops and "restoring" his former rank. The Dalai Lama has addressed a communication to the Head of the Department of Mongolian and Tibetan affairs in which he states that after his return from Peking to Tibet he did his utmost to arrange the affairs of the country satisfactorily.

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A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State by Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein

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