By Sergio Sismondo
An creation to technology and expertise stories, moment Edition displays the most recent advances within the box whereas carrying on with to supply scholars with a highway map to the advanced interdisciplinary terrain of technology and expertise stories.
- Distinctive in its awareness to either the underlying philosophical and sociological facets of technology and technology
- Explores center issues akin to realism and social building, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the general public realizing of science
- Includes quite a few empirical experiences and illustrative examples to explain the themes discussed
- Now contains new fabric on political economies of clinical and technological wisdom, and democratizing technical decisions
- Other positive aspects of the recent variation comprise more desirable clarity, up-to-date references, bankruptcy reorganization, and extra fabric on drugs and technology
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Additional info for An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies
This is one of many parallel shifts of focus in STS, of which we will see more in later chapters. For the most part, these are changes from more structure-centered perspectives to more agent- or action-centered perspectives. This is not to say that there is one simple theoretical maneuver that characterizes STS, but that the field has found some shifts from structure- to action-centered perspectives to be particularly valuable. Boundary Work The study of “boundary work” is one approach to seeing norms as resources (Gieryn 1999).
Discrimination Women have made tremendous recent progress in the sciences. However, they are still poorly represented in some fields, and are more poorly represented the more elite the grouping of scientists. In the United States in 2005, women earned 46% of doctoral degrees in the social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering, an increase from 31% from a decade earlier (National Science Board 2008). Yet women earned 49% of doctoral degrees in the biological sciences but only 18% in engineering.
The work of the sociologist is primarily to study how its social structure does and does not support its function. Merton is the most prominent of functionalist sociologists of science, and so his work is the main focus of this chapter, to the neglect of such sociologists as Joseph Ben-David (1991) and John Ziman (1984), and sociologically minded philosophers like David Hull (1988). The key to Merton’s theory of the social structure of science lies in the ethos of science, the norms of behavior that guide appropriate scientific practice.
An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies by Sergio Sismondo