Ladd, Gary W.'s Appraising the human developmental sciences : essays in PDF

By Ladd, Gary W.

ISBN-10: 0814335543

ISBN-13: 9780814335543

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Extra resources for Appraising the human developmental sciences : essays in honor of Merrill-Palmer quarterly

Sample text

When investigators use a heritability equation in a study of intelligence in twin pairs, they are forced to assume that genetic and environmental contributions are additive. When psychologists use analysis of covariance to control for social class influences on the relation between children’s vocabulary and adult vocational choice, they are forced to assume that the magnitude of the effect of social class is similar at all levels of vocabulary knowledge. Both assumptions are subject to critique.

A 1-year-old is more likely to cry at an approaching stranger if the child is in an unfamiliar room than at home (Kagan, 1984), and adults show greater cardiovascular reactivity to a stressor if they are with their favorite pet than if they are alone or with a spouse (Blascovich & Mendes, 2002). The influence of the testing context is sometimes surprising. An examiner tells a 4-year-old that if she points to the location where a piece of candy is hidden, a stranger, and not she, will get the sweet.

The commitment to the unitary concept is so strong that advocates resist rejecting its utility, despite 30 The Limitations of Concepts in Developmental Psychology inconsistent evidence, and instead look for new methods to reaffirm their faith in the idea. The second group, more loyal to Ernst Mach and Niels Bohr than to Albert Einstein and Werner Heisenberg, reject all concepts that assume Platonic essences. These scholars believe that all nature ever reveals are robust relations between observed phenomena and that we invent words, understood to be conventions, to explain the covariation.

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Appraising the human developmental sciences : essays in honor of Merrill-Palmer quarterly by Ladd, Gary W.

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