By Harold Cherniss
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Extra resources for Aristotle's Criticism of Plato and the Academy
60) That the superiority of rest to motion was an Academic assumption could be deduced from the customary comparisons of the ideas and phenomena (e g Ttmaeus 27 D 5-29 D 3, 30 A; cf. , p. ) and Ttmaeus 37 D, although the statement of Eudemus to the effect that Plato called motion TO pi} 6V, if this phrase be taken in an absolute sense, is contradicted in the Sophist (249 B). The same principle is implied by the doctrine of Speusippus that the good is the completion of a process of development (frag.
695) The rule that two contraries must be themselves genera or of the same genus or m genera which are contraries (Topics 123 B 3-12, 153 A 33-36) occurs also in Categories 14 A 19-20 where iyaBSv and Kaic6v are given as genera that are subsumed m no higher genus; this Hambruch compares with the view of Plato's pupils that the final opposites of all Being are to be equated with good and evil. ) 12 ARISTOTLE'S CRITICISM OF PLATO AND THE ACADBMY introduction of the principle of rest as a component pait of the soul (Plutaich, De Aiiimae Proc 1024 D; Hemze, Xcnokratcs, p.
Metaphysics 1035 B 15: TOVTO [jf/7, $oxfj] "W 0*""° Tl"> W"'xou and Plato, Laws 959 A-B) Many of the examples of theses against which the various topics aie recommended as serviceable weapons recall the phraseology of the Platonic dialogues, although freIWA'LI* 4 uCnt 'y * e s e definitions are strung together with Prcsociatic doctrines and popular opinions. One must, for example, object to statements which make the subject of an affection the genus ot that affection; such aie the definitions of wmd as " air in motion" (ct Cratylus 410 B), of snow as " frozen water" (Tiinaeus 59 E), o£ mud as " earth mixed with moisture" (Theaetetus 147 C), and limpedocles' definition of wine Nevertheless, Aristotle admits that such definitions may sometimes be correct; the value of the topic is diminished by the remark that in cases such as these only those definitions are to be accepted in which the asserted genus is the ptoper genus (cf.
Aristotle's Criticism of Plato and the Academy by Harold Cherniss