By R. M. Latanision (auth.), R. M. Latanision, J. R. Pickens (eds.)
It is now greater than a hundred years considering the fact that convinced dangerous results at the ductility of iron have been first linked to the presence of hydrogen. not just is hydrogen embrittlement nonetheless a big industri al challenge, however it is secure to claim that during a mechanistic experience we nonetheless don't know what hydrogen (but no longer nitrogen or oxygen, for instance) does on an atomic scale to urge this degradation. a similar applies to different examples of environmentally-induced fracture: what's it concerning the ubiquitous chloride ion that induces untimely catastrophic fracture (stress corrosion cracking) of quite often ductile austenitic stainless steels? Why, in addition, are halide ions frustrating however the nitrate or sulfate anions now not deleterious to such stainless steels? Likewise, why are a few reliable metals embrit tled catastrophically by way of related liquid metals (liquid steel embrit tlement) - copper and aluminum, for instance, are embrittled by means of liquid mercury. in brief, regardless of all that we might find out about the fabrics technology and mechanics of fracture on a macroscopic scale, we all know little in regards to the atomistics of fracture within the absence of environmental interactions or even much less while embrittlement phe nomena resembling these defined above are concerned. nonetheless, it really is fascinating to notice that actual chemists and floor chemists even have pursuits within the similar forms of interactions that take place on an atomic scale whilst metals comparable to nickel or platinum are used, for instance, as catalysts for chemical reactions.
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M. LATANISION 34 hydrogen embrittlement) and by the National Science Foundation, Grant No. DMR 78-05712 (the work on metallic glasses). I am grateful for the continued encouragement of Dr. A. Clarkin and Dr. J. Reynik. E. C. W. H. H. H. Uhlig and my outrageously provoking graduate students at MIT. REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. M. T. , "Surface Effects in Crystal Plasticity", Noordhoff, Leyden (1977). C. , "Theory of Stress Corrosion Cracking", NATO Scientific Affairs Division, Brussels (1971).
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Atomistics of Fracture by R. M. Latanision (auth.), R. M. Latanision, J. R. Pickens (eds.)