By Stewart Firth
Australia’s international family are altering quickly because of elevated globalization of monetary markets, better alternate with China and the U.S., and up to date terrorist job akin to the Australian Embassy bombing in Jakarta in 2004. This revised and up-to-date variation outlines how Australia is restructuring its international coverage to fit modern demanding situations and possibilities and contains an research of the regulations of Howard and Downer and an easy-reference timeline. developments resembling army involvement in East Timor, Iraq, and the Solomon Islands; family with the UN human rights treaty approach and the Kyoto Protocol; and the recent "good governance" concentration of overseas relief also are pointed out.
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Additional info for Australia in International Politics: An Introduction to Australian Foreign Policy
The Australian standard of living in 1908 was probably the highest in the world, higher than that of the USA or Britain and certainly far higher than that of Japan. Protection was intended to maintain this standard of living in an island of European affluence far from England and amidst Asian poverty, and protectionism became the credo of every Australian government for the next 75 years. The national interests of Britain and Australia were bound to diverge, though decades would pass before this became obvious.
Yet international recession was not the only cause of Australia’s economic problems. Australia’s share of world trade was dropping. High rates of protection made most Australian manufactures too expensive to export and increased costs at home; dynamic economies, on the other hand, had lower tariffs and were building economic growth on exporting competitively priced manufactures, something Australia could never do. In order to revive its prosperity, Australia needed to reduce protection and diversify exports, restructuring the economy so as to allow the most competitive industries to flourish.
Not only was Australia set apart from Britain by geography. It was also, even before World War I, a somewhat different kind of society. Australia was a more democratic, more egalitarian and less class-conscious society than the one from which it had sprung. A quarter of the population was Irish or of Irish descent, people whose ancestral homeland had been colonised by the British for centuries and who often thought of England and the British Empire as oppressors. With immense sacrifices, the Irish in Australia had constructed a separate school system where brothers and nuns preserved the Catholic faith in the rising generation and taught a patriotism which focused on Australia rather than England and the Empire.
Australia in International Politics: An Introduction to Australian Foreign Policy by Stewart Firth