By Hugh George Rawlinson
“If throughout the Bactrian Empire ecu rules have been transmitted to the a long way East, via that and related channels Asiatic rules came across their technique to Europe.”—Intellectual improvement of Europe
Following the Macedonian invasion of Persian within the fourth century B.C., an self sufficient Greek-ruled empire emerged over a space encompassing sleek Afghanistan, jap Iran, and northern Pakistan. This historical empire, referred to as Bactria, is recorded in texts, either Asian and ecu, in addition to via cash, inscriptions, and architectural remnants. Bactria served as a touch element among Europe, South Asia, and the a ways East for greater than 2 hundred years earlier than disappearing below the strain of a resurgent Persia to the west and Indian states to the east. In Bactria: The historical past of a Forgotten Empire, historian Hugh G. Rawlinson starts with the early heritage of Bactria and its subjugation through Persia, after which describes the conquest of Iran through Alexander the good and the institution of an self sufficient Bactria governed via Greeks. The Bactrians followed Buddhism early on and helped determine the faith through the zone. the writer then follows the heritage of the empire via its rulers, together with Menander, until eventually Greek rule was once extinguished round one hundred thirty five B.C. eventually, the writer discusses the consequences of Greek career at the sector. in keeping with meticulous examine in old texts from Greece, Persia, and India, and utilizing fabric proof of the time, this historical past, which received the Hare collage Prize at Cambridge in 1909, continues to be suitable this day, offering a desirable portrait of a little-known connection among East and West.
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Additional info for Bactria: The History of a Forgotten Empire
They w e r e not however of tlle highest character. e,rg/h of tho Greclz forccx 111 Budria. T h e A r m y under An~yntirsmas 11,500 (Arrian P nab : 1'7. 42). We know th:rt 23,000 went home o n Alexander's doath imd 7,000 h;rcl been settled in t h e Cauc:rsi;m Alexandria. Itrrgianr, in 3krr;rcnnd;r, n:~ctri;r,nnd othcr towns. Alexander fonncled twelre cities in B;lctri:~irlone. Alcsnndria. 11~IirtLcr \y:is tlcslroyud. 1 3 34 BACTRIA. ,hemen he coulcl not trust in s csmpaigm which, he foresaw, nlnsl be trying to the most loyal of troops.
On 11 coin of Huvixlcx. Shc is Cunningl~nrn, Nnm : Chror~: TX. '295. 2 3 g y. ~ss:~gctm,Sh:rl~oXI, 8. 7. , Bactrian cavalry force was, perhaps, drawn eofely from their numbers. This is the state of this we should, by analogy, expect, and ils actual existexice is strongly hided a1 by some renlarkrtble words of Curlius. In describing one of the inauy outbreaks which rendered the reduction of Baclria aud Sogdia such a colossal task to Alexander, Curtins says :-" Alexander was again checked by news of from revolt in Sogdia, which llad spread over Bactria as well ............
Smith ignores Philip (Early History of India, p ld9). 2 XIX. 48. 3 A collenguc of Oxyartes. Aminn A I I : ~VI. ~ : 15. 116 text must be colmipt ; Pithon w m in charge of the Lower 111dl1u. 1 , APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 11. -With the strange cvenbfill history of this unhappy girl, we have not now lo deal. It is worth while, however, noticing the reference to the story of her wedding in the " Sikander Nama ", the medizval Persian poem (or series of poems) on the adventures (more or less mythical) of Alcxsudcr in Persia and India.
Bactria: The History of a Forgotten Empire by Hugh George Rawlinson