Read e-book online Before Galileo : the birth of modern science in medieval PDF

By John Freely

ISBN-10: 1468308505

ISBN-13: 9781468308501

This heritage of technological know-how at midnight a long time files the achievements of lesser-known ecu students, together with the monk Saint Bede, who successfully prepared the ground for the discoveries of such luminaries as Galileo and Newton. Histories of contemporary technological know-how frequently commence with the heroic conflict among Galileo and the Catholic Church, which ignited the clinical Revolution and ended in the world-changing discoveries of  Read more...

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His philosophical bent is evident in his medical writings, where he interprets the work of Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and others, and also in his treatises On Scientific Proof and Introduction to Logic. He wrote on psychology as well, including an imaginative analysis of dreams, seventeen centuries before Freud. ” Much of Galen’s pharmacological information comes from earlier sources, most notably Dioscorides (fl. AD 50–70), from Anazarbus in southeastern Asia Minor, who served a physician in the Roman army during the reigns of Claudius (r.

Eudoxus was the greatest mathematician of the classical period, credited with some of the theorems that would later appear in the works of Euclid and Archimedes. He was also the leading astronomer of his era and had made careful observations of the celestial bodies from his observatory at Cnidus, on the southwestern coast of Asia Minor. Eudoxus suggested a complicated mechanical model known as the theory of homocentric spheres, which successfully reproduced the apparent retrograde motion of the planets, though it had no basis in any physical theory.

Educating Europe 3. The Opinions of the Arabs 4. A Renaissance Before the Renaissance 5. Converting Aristotle 6. The Metaphysics of Light 7. The Experimental Method 8. The Science of Motion 9. Over the Rainbow 10. The Revival of Astronomy, East and West 11. The Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres 12. The New Astronomy 13. The Great Debate 14. On the Shoulders of Giants BIBLIOGRAPHY ACKNOWLEDGMENTS INDEX About the Author Introduction WHEN I FIRST STARTED TEACHING PHYSICS, THE STANDARD narrative was that modern science began with the heroic efforts of Galileo to gain acceptance for the revolutionary sun-centered worldview of Copernicus, as opposed to the ancient geocentric cosmology of Aristotle and Ptolemy accepted by academia and the Church.

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Before Galileo : the birth of modern science in medieval Europe by John Freely

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