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Download e-book for iPad: Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization by Olof Hallonsten

By Olof Hallonsten

ISBN-10: 3319327372

ISBN-13: 9783319327372

ISBN-10: 3319327380

ISBN-13: 9783319327389

This e-book analyses the emergence of a reworked significant technological know-how in Europe and the U.S., utilizing either old and sociological views. It exhibits how technology-intensive common sciences grew to a famous place in Western societies in the course of the post-World conflict II period, and the way their improvement cohered with either technological and social advancements. on the helm of post-war technological know-how are large-scale initiatives, essentially in physics, which obtain massive money from the general public purse. 

Big technology Transformed indicates how those tasks, popularly referred to as 'Big Science', became symbols of development. It analyses adjustments to the political and sociological frameworks surrounding publicly-funding technology, and their impression on a few new accelerator and reactor-based amenities that experience come to prominence in fabrics technological know-how and the lifestyles sciences. Interdisciplinary in scope, this e-book should be of serious curiosity to historians, sociologists and philosophers of science.

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Extra info for Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States

Example text

In addition, US experiences and policies were exported to Europe, both intentionally and centrally directed, as part of the Marshall Plan and the securing of US influence in Western Europe (Krige 2006), but also by the spontaneous exchange and remigration of exiled scientists to their home countries, who contributed to exporting US science policy and governance to Western Europe. In general terms, US science policy was emulated in several Western European countries during the Cold War, and the cycles of growth and decline in overall public research funding and the status of science in national policies and public consciousness were also similar between the two continents during this period.

The choice of tools from this box has been made in the spirit of open-mindedness and pragmatism, in order to find theories and conceptual angles that can help make sense of various aspects of the transformation of Big Science. Importantly, this also means that there are parts of the analysis that make no use of theory, because there are occasions when it seems the terrain is sufficiently colorful and varied in its own right, or simple and straightforward in its revelations, to be explored also without the help of a map.

3, 4 and 5), or syntheses and analyses of work by other authors, that taken together, shed new light on some known phenomena (mostly Chaps. 2, 4 and 6). Methodologically, therefore, the book uses a combination of primary and secondary material, and should be read as combining the elements of three types of academic publications: First, a compilation of previously published articles; second, an extended review and synthesis of secondary sources; and third, a standalone monograph with a thesis of its own.

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Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States by Olof Hallonsten

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