By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products
After reviewing the aptitude merits of using biobased business items over most of the time used petroleum merits, this file examines the uncooked fabric source base for items and explains the diversity of goods and processing applied sciences to be had. thoughts are supplied as to tips on how to successfully make the transition to biobased items, with discussions of offering adequate funding and supportive infrastructure. additionally incorporated is a case research of lignocellulose-ethanol processing.
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Extra info for Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities
The relative importance of fossil versus biological carbon sources varies among commercial sectors, as does the potential for expanded reliance on biological carbon sources. 8 billion tons). Biobased fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, account for less than 1 percent of total liquid fuel consumption because they are currently more expensive than fossil fuels. , wastes or cellulose biomass) and low-cost high-yield processes will be essential for biobased liquid fuels to become price competitive without subsidization and expand beyond niche markets.
The chapter provides an overview of current production of plant materials and describes the potential for increasing the variety and amounts of plant material available for industrial uses. It also addresses applications of technologies to develop new resources such as genetically modified plants and microorganisms. Chapter 3 considers some of the most significant current examples of biobased industrial fuels, chemicals, and materials. An outline of the scope, magnitude, and developmental dynamics of such products is presented to provide a framework for analyzing future prospects.
Html 30 TABLE 2-1 BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS Estimated Available Waste Biomass in the United Statesa Feedstock Quantity (1000 dry metric tons) Recycled primary paper pulp sludge Urban tree residueb Mixed office paper Sugarcane bagasse Newsprint Rice Corn gluten feed Spent brewers grains Distillers’ dried grains Corn gluten meal Small grain straw Wood mill residuec Corn stoverd Cotton gin wastee Sulfite waste liquorf Cheese whey from dairyg Total 3,400 38,000 4,600 700 11,200 2,700 5,700 1,100 1,800 1,100 0 5,600 100,000 15,000 61,000 28,000 279,900 SOURCE: Rooney (1998).
Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products