By Ronald D. Francis
An historic and modern account of migrant crime in Australia, this e-book explores more than a few concerns from psychological future health and victimology to immigration coverage and criminal research, arguing that it's birthplace, no longer race, which affects upon crimes devoted by means of migrants.
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Additional resources for Birthplace, Migration and Crime: The Australian Experience
The arrival of a large number of Chinese had a signiﬁcant social effect in Australia. From the beginning of the gold rush to the year 1861 Chinese numbers increased from just under 2,000 to over 40,000, by which time they had become the third largest national group in Australia. It is also signiﬁcant that the group was almost entirely male: combined with relative youth it was a mix that increased in the crime-prone years. In the early years of settlement, it was difﬁcult to attract free settlers and efforts to bring them to Australia met with mixed success.
The manual covers the issue of witness protection from the testifying in court stage through to relocation and re-identiﬁcation – but does not address how it might differentially deal with migrant groups. A third issue is identity theft. In recent times the world has become increasingly reliant on correct personal identiﬁcation – particularly in the ﬁeld of banking, passports and access to social services. The trend has been toward biometrics and DNA proﬁles. Identity theft in such a context involves not only economic costs but also increased prospects of terrorist activity, human trafﬁcking and theft via the internet.
It is one of the oddities of the system that ‘illegals’, those seeking asylum, should be subject to mandatory detention while those who overstay their visa are not. Persons who overstay their visa by more than 28 days become subject to an exclusion period that prevents them from being granted a temporary visa to travel to Australia for three years. This exclusion period applies whether or not they leave voluntarily. Even after the exclusion period has ﬁnished, the person cannot be granted a visa unless they repay any debt they owe to the Commonwealth, including for costs of removal, or make satisfactory arrangements to repay their debt.
Birthplace, Migration and Crime: The Australian Experience by Ronald D. Francis