By Dennis Broeders
Simply because borders on my own can't cease abnormal migration, the ecu Union is popping increasingly more to inner keep watch over measures. via surveillance, member states target to exclude abnormal migrants from societal associations, thereby discouraging their remain or deporting people who are apprehended. And but, states can't expel immigrants who stay nameless. identity has hence turn into key. Breaking Down Anonymity exhibits how electronic surveillance is changing into a major tool of identity and exclusion rules in the direction of abnormal migrants. To aid this declare, the research charts coverage advancements in Germany and the Netherlands. It analyses either nations' labour marketplace controls in addition to their detention and expulsion practices. additionally tested is the improvement of a number of new ecu migration databases. Spanning the Continent, those info structures create a brand new ecu Union frontier - person who is electronic, biometric and ever-strengthening.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular Migrants in Germany and the Netherlands
By contrast, the external land borders of the EU are relatively easy to cross. The requirements of the market economy and the necessity of rapid circulation of goods explain why the government does not go too far ‘sealing’ off the borders in a way that would prevent undocumented immigration. In other words, territorial borders are, in spite of huge investments, still permeable borders. One reason for this is that borders have a double function. The smooth functioning of the modern economy requires an easy passage for some people and goods.
Northern EU member states in particular had enormous political and administrative difficulties coping with the large numbers of 30 BREAKING DOWN ANONYMITY refugees. Germany even functioned as Europe’s ‘magnet’ with the number of asylum applications peaking at the staggering number of 418,191 applications in 1992 (Broeders 2004). The image of asylum seekers gradually changed from politically persecuted and help-deserving individuals to ‘floods of bogus-asylum seekers’, from which a few ‘deserving genuine’ refugees could be filtered – at great costs.
This, in turn, is needed in order to facilitate exclusion in the ultimate sense: expulsion from the state. This strategy is dominant in the advanced welfare states of Northern Europe (Engbersen 2003; Levinson 2005; Van Kalmthout et al. 2007). Since the 1990s, Germany and the Netherlands have been increasing their detention capacity for irregular migrants and rejected asylum seekers with the aim of facilitating expulsion (Jesuit Refugee Service 2005; Welch & Schuster 2005). Both countries have also been investing heavily in database systems that are able to register, track and identify the resident migrant population.
Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular Migrants in Germany and the Netherlands by Dennis Broeders