By Katharine Park, Lorraine Daston
This quantity is a accomplished account of information of the wildlife in Europe, ca. 1500-1700. sometimes called the medical Revolution, this era observed significant changes in fields as assorted as anatomy and astronomy, average heritage and arithmetic. Articles through major experts describe in transparent, obtainable prose supplemented via wide bibliographies, how new principles, discoveries, and associations formed the ways that nature got here to be studied, understood, and used.
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Additional info for Cambridge History of Science. Early Modern Science
Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 14 Katharine Park and Lorraine Daston traditionally furnished the backbone of historical accounts of the Scientific Revolution. The changes in this field were unquestionably momentous, driven to a large extent by techniques and imperatives developed within a discipline that had already achieved a distinct intellectual identity in late antiquity. But the merging of natural history with natural philosophy was no less momentous a change, although it did not culminate in a dramatic synthesis or system, and depended on a far more motley ensemble of methods: field observation, experiment, collecting, travel, letter-writing, classification, and exchange.
For a discussion of the meanings of the term “metaphysics” among medieval Aristotelians, see John Wippel, “Essence and Existence,” in The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy, ed. Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny, and Jan Pinborg (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), pp. 385–410, esp. pp. 385–92. On the question of ordering knowledge in late scholastic thought, see Daniel Garber, Descartes’ Metaphysical Physics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992), pp. 58–62; and Roger Ariew, “Descartes and the Late Scholastics on the ‘Order of the Sciences’,” in Conversations with Aristotle, ed.
For many sixteenth-century scholars, educated into such sensibilities, the works of medieval interpreters seemed not so much wrong as old-fashioned, poorly informed, and narrowly conceived. A few of these interpreters gained new life after the middle of the sixteenth century, particularly those, such as Thomas Aquinas, whom the Counter-Reformation Church proposed as the touchstones of philosophical and theological orthodoxy. For the most part, however, medieval commentaries, even standbys such as those of Paul of Venice in logic and philosophy or Jacopo da Forl`ı in medicine, simply ceased to be reprinted.
Cambridge History of Science. Early Modern Science by Katharine Park, Lorraine Daston