By Calvin A. Colarusso
Developmental thought is the essence of any psychodynamic psychother apy, and positively of psychoanalysis. it truly is via an realizing of revolutionary existence occasions, and how those occasions relate to linked organic and social occasions, that we come to appreciate either psycho pathology and mental strengths. for a very long time we now have wanted a clinically orientated ebook that surveys common improvement in either formative years and maturity. This booklet will be fairly necessary to all psychological well-being execs whose day-by-day paintings calls for a relentless knowledge and appraisal of devel opmental matters. Dr. Colarusso has built-in and summarized a tremen dous quantity of theoretical, empirical, and scientific fabric in a layout that makes it come alive via scientific examples. This booklet could be of significant curiosity to all scholars of human behav ior in addition to to pro clinicians. SHERWYN M. WOODS, M. D. , PH. D. vii Preface every year as I gave a lecture sequence on baby and grownup improvement to the grownup and baby psychiatric citizens on the college of California at San Diego, a person necessarily may ask, "Is there a ebook that i may needless to say has all of this knowledge in it?" i'd answer that i didn't recognize of any unmarried resource, yet i'll refer the individual to many articles and books on development.
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Extra resources for Child and Adult Development: A Psychoanalytic Introduction for Clinicians
THE EMERGENCE OF SELF AND OTHER: THE THEORIES OF SPITZ AND MAHLER The research on infancy has multiplied tenfold in the last decade and can be overwhelming to the beginning student of development. With this thought in mind, I have decided to focus primarily on the work of Rene Spitz and Margaret Mahler, both clinicians themselves, whose theories of early development are readily conceptualized and compared, thus forming a grid on which to build a more comprehensive picture of the first years of life (see Table 2).
If thumb-sucking continues to be a consistent method of gratification beyond age 3 or 4, a combination of consistent verbalization and encouragement should be used to help the child stop. THE PREOEDIPAL MOTHER AND FATHER The Role of Activity versus Passivity Anna Freud (1946) said that infants have three basic needs: food, oxygen, and not to be left alone. The third need underscores the importance of what Spitz called the mother-child dyad. Whereas most animals are instinctively capable of caring for themselves at birth, the human being is not.
Spitz called this syndrome hospitalism. Breast versus Bottle Feeding According to Anna Freud (1946) eating should be as nonconflictual as possible because of the central role feeding plays in prompting normal emotional development. Satisfaction of hunger is the first experience of instinctual gratification in a child's life. Because the instinctual needs of the infant are of overwhelming urgency and no organized ego exists to delay and control impulses, mother limits the degree of pain and frustration that the infant experiences by feeding on demand.
Child and Adult Development: A Psychoanalytic Introduction for Clinicians by Calvin A. Colarusso