By Greg Ridgeway
In 2002, the Cincinnati Police division (CPD) joined with different firms and firms to enhance police-community family members within the urban. This record makes a speciality of the research of racial disparities in site visitors stops in Cincinnati. The authors locate no proof of racial variations among the stops of black and people of equally positioned nonblack drivers, yet a few concerns can exacerbate the belief of racial bias.
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Additional resources for Cincinnati Police Department Traffic Stops: Applying RAND's Framework to Analyze Racial Disparities
Since the oﬃcers are patrolling the same areas at the same times, the racial distributions should be the same (assuming that the oﬃcers are on the same assignment). 1 We note that the analysis in this section oﬀers an estimate of the number of CPD patrol oﬃcers of concern but that it does not identify the speciﬁc oﬃcers. All RAND studies go before an institutional review board (IRB) that reviews research involving human subjects, as required by federal regulations. RAND’s Federalwide Assurance for the Protection of Human Subjects (DHHS, through 2011) serves as its assurance of compliance with the regulations of 16 federal departments and agencies.
M. The dots represent the 598 stops of black (ﬁlled dots) and white (unﬁlled dots) drivers over the 120 calendar days—30 days before and after DST in the fall and spring. 1 16 Cincinnati Police Department Trafﬁc Stops the hours since the end of civil twilight, with the shaded area representing stops that occur when it is dark and the unshaded area representing those that occur when it is light. The intertwilight period is shifted to later in the day in spring, because of diﬀerences between spring and fall in the scheduling of DST changes, which explains the upward movement in the stops over clock time across the horizontal axis.
And even if they somehow have the statistical power to detect the problem, they cannot help in identifying the potential problem oﬃcers. In this chapter, we report on our analysis of whether there is racial bias in the decision to stop at the individual oﬃcer level. Doing so requires that we again use a benchmarking approach, but, in this case, we use an internal, as opposed to external, benchmark. This raises the question of how such an internal-benchmark approach should be designed. Walker (2001, 2002, 2003b) conceptualized an internalbenchmark method that compares oﬃcers’ stop decisions with decisions made by other oﬃcers patrolling the same area at the same time, 21 22 Cincinnati Police Department Trafﬁc Stops a comparison that is critical.
Cincinnati Police Department Traffic Stops: Applying RAND's Framework to Analyze Racial Disparities by Greg Ridgeway