By Howard Steele
The grownup Attachment Interview (AAI) is either a mainstay of attachment examine and a strong scientific software. This distinctive publication presents a radical creation to the AAI and its use as an accessory to a number of healing methods, together with cognitive-behavioral remedy, psychoanalytic psychotherapy, parent-infant psychotherapy, domestic traveling courses, and supportive paintings within the context of foster care and adoption. prime professionals offer certain descriptions of scientific methods and methods, illustrated with brilliant case fabric. Grounded in examine, the amount highlights how utilizing the AAI can increase review and analysis, advance the healing alliance, and facilitate aim atmosphere, remedy making plans, and development tracking. (20100924)
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Extra resources for Clinical Applications of the Adult Attachment Interview
1978). , 1985). , 1978; Main & Sol- 6 THE AAI IN CLINICAL CONTEXT omon, 1990). Ainsworth conceived of the lab-based observation sequence known as the Strange Situation, aiming to extend her home-based observational study of attachment in the first year of life with a set of tasks that would activate the attachment system in an unfamiliar, out-of-home, “strange” setting (Ainsworth & Marvin, 1995). This attempt to see whether observing mother and baby in a stressful situation involving two brief separations and reunions across 20 minutes, outside the home, would relate to maternal behavior in the home proved to be a resounding success, leading to many hundreds of developmental research studies (from the 1970s through the present day) across the globe (van IJzendoorn & Sagi, 1999).
And what he has observed but is not supposed to know” (Bowlby, 1979, p. 23) such as when a parent (whether maliciously or unwittingly) seeks to limit what a child remembers about a painful experience so that his or her construction will be (falsely) positive. At an unconscious level (Bowlby, 1988), outside of awareness, the “true” negative experiences and associated thoughts and feelings are nonetheless stored. Evidence of this process can be detected in AAI narratives, when a speaker claims that a relationship to the mother or father was “normal” or “loving,” yet, when asked to think of memories that support this image, recalls events that strongly contradict the positive image.
In our view, the AAI is to be administered early in treatment, perhaps most usefully at the second meeting, as it will do much to help establish the therapeutic alliance and launch a productive therapeutic exchange based on a background of trust and a shared agenda. The aim when administering the interview is to adopt a neutral listening stance, which for some interviewers may mean toning down one’s wish to be entirely empathic and helpful. This apparently neutral listening position is often helpful in establishing a therapeutic alliance.
Clinical Applications of the Adult Attachment Interview by Howard Steele