By Roberto Festa, Atocha Aliseda, Jeanne Peijnenburg
This publication is the 1st of 2 volumes dedicated to the paintings of Theo Kuipers, a number one Dutch thinker of technological know-how. Philosophers and scientists from around the world, thirty seven in all, touch upon Kuipers' philosophy, and every in their commentaries is by means of a answer from Kuipers. the current quantity makes a speciality of Kuipers' perspectives on affirmation, empirical growth, and fact approximation, as laid down in his From Instrumentalism to confident Realism (Kluwer, 2000). during this e-book, Kuipers provided a synthesis of Carnap's and Hempel's affirmation conception at the one hand, and Popper's concept of fact approximation at the different. the foremost section of this synthesis is a worldly technique, which allows the assessment of theories when it comes to their difficulties and successes (even if the theories are already falsified), and which additionally matches good with the declare that one idea is in the direction of the reality than one other. Ilkka Niiniluoto, Patrick Maher, John Welch, Gerhard Schurz, Igor Douven, Bert Hamminga, David Miller, Johan van Benthem, Sjoerd Zwart, Thomas Mormann, Jes?s Zamora Bonilla, Isabella Burger & Johannes Heidema, shaggy dog story Meheus, Hans Mooij, and Diderik Batens touch upon those rules of Kuipers, and lots of current their very own account. the current booklet additionally encompasses a synopsis of From Instrumentalism to positive Realism. it may be learn independently of the second one quantity of Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers, that's dedicated to Kuipers' buildings in technology (Kluwer, 2001). Contents Roberto FESTA, Atocha ALISEDA, Jeanne PEIJENBURG: advent Theo A.F. KUIPERS : The Threefold review of Theories: A Synopsis of From Instrumentalism to confident Realism. On a few family among affirmation, Empirical growth, and fact Approximation (2000) affirmation and the HD strategy Patrick MAHER: Qualitative affirmation and the Ravens Paradox John R. WELCH: ugly Predicates Gerhard SCHURZ: Bayesian H-D affirmation and Structuralistic Truthlikeness: dialogue and comparability with the Relevant-Element and the Content-Part procedure Empirical growth via Abduction and Induction Atocha ALISEDA: Lacunae, Empirical development and Semantic Tableaux comic story MEHEUS: Empirical growth and Ampliative Adaptive Logics Diderik BATENS: On a good judgment of Induction fact Approximation by means of Abduction Ilkka NIINILUOTO: Abduction and Truthlikeness Igor DOUVEN: Empirical Equivalence, Explanatory strength, and the Inference to the simplest thought fact Approximation by way of Empirical and Nonempirical ability Bert HAMMINGA: optimistic Realism and medical development David MILLER: good looks, a street to the reality? Jes?s P. ZAMORA BONILLA: Truthlikeness with a Human Face: On a few Connections among the idea of Verisimilitude and the Sociology of medical wisdom Truthlikeness and Updating Sjoerd D. ZWART: Updating Theories Johan van BENTHEM: A be aware on Modeling Theories sophisticated fact Approximation Thomas MORMANN: Geometry of common sense and fact Approximation Isabella C. BURGER, Johannes HEIDEMA: For higher, for Worse: Comparative Orderings on States and Theories Realism and Metaphors J.J.A. MOOIJ: Metaphor and Metaphysical Realism Roberto FESTA: at the kinfolk among (Neo-Classical) Philosophy of technology and good judgment Bibliography of Theo A.F. KUIPERS Index of Names
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Extra info for Confirmation, Empirical Progress, and Truth Approximation: Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers. Volume 1 (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences ... Philosophy of the Sciences & the Humanities)
This method is called HD evaluation, and uses HD testing of test implications. , the (theoretical-cum-observational) truth about the subject matter, the plausible third aim of the HD method is to help answer the question of how far a hypothesis is from the truth, the truth approximation question. , relative to a given domain and conceptual frame. In Section 7 I make plausible the contention that HD evaluation is also functional in answering the truth approximation question. The other epistemological positions are guided by two related, but more modest success and truth approximation questions, and I shall show later that the HD method is also functional in answering these related questions.
A counterexample, of course, implies the falsification of I and X. A success minimally means a “derivational success”; it depends on the circumstances whether it is a predictive success and it depends on one’s epistemological beliefs whether or not one speaks of an explanatory success. , that the HD method applied to theories is essentially a stratified, two-step method, based on a macro- and a micro-argument, with much room for complications. In the macro-step already indicated, one derives GTI’s from the theory.
The two results of the asymmetric model of (separate) HD evaluation, is the most attractive. First, this combination seems the closest to actual practice and, second, it turns out to be the most suitable one for a direct link with questions of truth approximation. For these reasons I will first deal with this alternative and come back to the two symmetric alternatives. , increasing success: Theory Y is (at time t) at least as successful as (more successful than or better than) theory X iff (at t) – all individual problems of Y are (individual) problems of X – all general successes of X are (general) successes of Y ( – Y has extra general successes or X has extra individual problems) The definition presupposes, of course, that for every recorded (individual) problem of one theory, it has been ascertained whether or not it is also a problem for the other, and similarly whether or not a (general) success of one is also a success of the other.
Confirmation, Empirical Progress, and Truth Approximation: Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers. Volume 1 (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences ... Philosophy of the Sciences & the Humanities) by Roberto Festa, Atocha Aliseda, Jeanne Peijnenburg