By Victor Nunes Leal
Considering the fact that its first visual appeal in Brazil in 1949, Victor Nunes Leal's Coronelismo, Enxada e Voto, the following entitled Coronelismo: the Municipality and consultant govt in Brazil, has become famous as a vintage research of the procedure that emerges from 'the superimposition of structural types advanced throughout the consultant approach on an insufficient social and financial structure'. The textual content is right here released with none tremendous switch or addition, in accordance with the author's want. His insights and technique stay as suggestive as once they first seemed; as Barbosa Lima Sobrinho mentioned within the preface to the second one Brazilian variation, the paintings isn't just the research of a constitution, however the list of that constitution and of the arguments approximately it at a undeniable time, a checklist vital in itself. Its position within the improvement of political research in Brazil is determined out in Alberto Venancio Filho's creation: 'a divide within the historical past of political technological know-how in Brazil...the first landmark of the examine of politics in our Universities'. The paintings is well-known in all places as a necessary textual content for the coed of that kingdom.
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Extra info for Coronelismo: The Municipality and Representative Government in Brazil
This variation in time of the territorial area affected by a large number of administrative problems, makes the idea of 'the municipality's particular interest' or 'local interest' a very relative one, and makes it more difficult to find a solution based on general principles. For the rest, it is not the intention of this work to discuss what would or would not be an ideal type of municipal authority, but simply to seek 26 Powers of the municipalities to understand certain aspects of municipal power as we have known it in reality.
If they are taken off the government's list, the compromises which function under coronelismo, as described above, will help to defeat them in their own municipalities. But apart from this purely political reason, very ponderable in itself (since the government, notwithstanding the conformity of the electorate under coronelismo, still uses fraud and coercion to ensure electoral victory), there is another more profound one. The student of coronelismo begins by ascribing the phenomenon, naturally and justifiably, to the social hegemony of the landowning class.
53 And so now, in 1946, the third Republican Constitution places the problem of the municipalities among the first to be deliberated, analysing principally the fundamental question, which is that of finance. The movement of 1946 is a more conscious and meaningful continuation of that of 1934, although certain details point to noteworthy differences between them. However it still remains an open question, which only time can solve, as to when and if the resurgence of a belief in the integrity of the municipalities will result in an effective strengthening of their political autonomy.
Coronelismo: The Municipality and Representative Government in Brazil by Victor Nunes Leal