By Bertolini L., et al.
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Chlorides bind with aluminate phases or are adsorbed on C–S–H; carbon dioxide reacts with alkaline components, in particular Ca(OH)2. The gradual consumption of these compounds modifies the conditions of diffusion, which can no longer simply be described by Fick’s second law but require a corrective term. In particular for chloride penetration, often the total concentration of the diffusing species is taken into consideration and the effects of chemical reactions in concrete are disregarded. Indeed, it is difficult to estimate the corrective term.
Corrosion of Steel in Concrete by Bertolini L., et al.