By John Hartley
Cultural technological know-how introduces a brand new frame of mind approximately tradition. Adopting an evolutionary and platforms strategy, the authors argue that tradition is the population-wide resource of newness and innovation; it faces the long run, now not the previous. Its leader attribute is the formation of teams or 'demes' (organised and effective subpopulation; 'demos'). Demes are the potential for developing, dispensing and growing to be wisdom. notwithstanding, such teams are aggressive and knowledge-systems are adversarial.
ranging from a rereading of Darwinian evolutionary thought, the booklet utilises multidisciplinary assets: Raymond Williams's 'culture is usual' technique; evolutionary technological know-how (e.g. Mark Pagel and Herbert Gintis); semiotics (Yuri Lotman); and monetary conception (from Schumpeter to McCloskey).
Successive chapters argue that:
-Culture and information must be understood from an externalist ('linked brains') point of view, instead of in the course of the lens of person behaviour;
-Demes are created by way of tradition, particularly storytelling, which in flip constitutes either politics and economics;
-The conflict of platforms - together with demes - is effective of newness, meaningfulness and profitable replica of culture;
-Contemporary city tradition and citizenship can most sensible be defined by way of investigating how tradition is used, and the way newness and innovation emerge from volatile and contested barriers among diversified which means systems;
-The evolution of tradition is a means of technologically enabled 'demic focus' of data, throughout overlapping meaning-systems or semiospheres; a method the place the variety of demes available to anybody has elevated at an accelerating expense, leading to new difficulties of scale and coordination for cultural technological know-how to address.
The ebook argues for interdisciplinary 'consilience', linking evolutionary and complexity conception within the normal sciences, economics and anthropology within the social sciences, and cultural, conversation and media reports within the humanities and inventive arts. It describes what's wanted for a brand new 'modern synthesis' for the cultural sciences. It combines analytical and ancient tools, to supply a framework for a basic reconceptualisation of the idea of tradition - one who is concentrated no longer on its political or general features yet fairly its evolutionary value as a generator of newness and innovation.
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Extra info for Cultural Science: A Natural History of Stories, Demes, Knowledge and Innovation
Cultural Science 24 Communication synthesizes information, utterance and understanding; and of course it requires actors to communicate, so individuals are certainly involved, but what Luhmann is getting at is that self-organization and reproduction are functions of systems (populations), not individuals. Individuals use communication to reduce complexity by creating a boundary between themselves and the outside world, and they are constituted through their act of communication with that environment.
Coordinated collective action benefitted the whole deme: ‘increased cognitive and linguistic ability entailed heightened leadership capacities, which fellow group members were very willing to trade for enhanced mating and provisioning privileges’ (Gintis 2012: 8). Furthermore, these enhancements were not limited to in-group privileges, but extended to much wider social networks: What is known or can reasonably be inferred about the Late Pleistocene and early Holocene suggests that ancestral humans did not live in small closed groups in which family and self-interest with a long time horizon alone were the cement of society.
He goes on: A creature endowed with a central nervous system must succeed in externalizing and constructing an outside world before it can begin to articulate self-reference on the basis of its own bodily perceptions as a result of its problems with this world. (Luhmann 2000: 5) In other words, all creatures (great and small) must establish a communication system; it’s this that allows them to perceive and thus deal with ‘problems’ as they arise. 1). 4 See Wikipedia: Niklas Luhmann. 5 Reproduced from Management Decision, 44:7.
Cultural Science: A Natural History of Stories, Demes, Knowledge and Innovation by John Hartley