By Jeffrey L. Forgeng
Everyday life in Elizabethan England: moment variation bargains a clean examine Elizabethan existence from the viewpoint of the folks who truly lived it. With an abundance of updates in accordance with the most up-tp-date study, this moment version presents an engaging—and occasionally surprising—picture of what it used to be wish to dwell in this far away time. Readers will research, for instance, that Elizabethans have been diligent recyclers, composting kitchen waste and accumulating previous rags for papermaking. they'll realize that Elizabethans averaged lower than 2 inches shorter than their smooth British opposite numbers, and, in a shocking echo of our personal age, that many Elizabethan urban dwellers depended on carryout meals—albeit simply because they lacked kitchen amenities. What additional units the publication aside is its "hands-on" method of the earlier with the inclusion of exact track, video games, recipes, and garments styles in response to fundamental resources.
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Extra info for Daily Life in Elizabethan England, 2nd Edition (The Greenwood Press Daily Life Through History Series)
Some manors were actually owned by consortiums of investors. Other manor lords took a more proactive approach to estate management, looking for ways to maximize the yield on their land through new farming techniques or by restructuring their tenants’ landholdings. Although gentle status was associated with land ownership, not all gentlemen were landowners. In Smith’s formulation, gentlemen were expected to live comfortably without manual labor, but this did not necessarily require landed income.
Boroughs and manors also had their own officers and courts with authority over local matters. At every level, exceptions were common. London was an exception among the boroughs, sending four representatives to Parliament—reflecting its importance, but in no way proportional to the city’s wealth, power, or population. The Borough of Southwark on the south bank of the Thames was an exception within London, being administered not by the usual urban forms of government but as a feudal manor owned by the City of London.
Elizabeth’s policies stressed outward conformity of religion, or at least absence of obvious nonconformity. People were required to attend church each Sunday. The fine for nonattendance was initially set at 12 pence, and enforcement was lax in the early years of the reign. Those who failed to attend were known as recusants and consisted mostly of Catholics—most Protestants were able to attend in good conscience, even if they felt the church was less reformed than they might wish. People were also required to take communion three times a year.
Daily Life in Elizabethan England, 2nd Edition (The Greenwood Press Daily Life Through History Series) by Jeffrey L. Forgeng