Read e-book online Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in PDF

By Daniel P. Todes

ISBN-10: 0195058305

ISBN-13: 9780195058307

19th century Russian intellectuals perceived a Malthusian bias in Darwin's concept of evolution by way of average choice. They pointed out that bias with Darwin's idea of the fight for life and his emphasis upon the evolutionary function of overpopulation and intraspecific clash. during this publication, Todes records a historic Russian critique of Darwin's Malthusian blunders, explores its courting to such medical paintings as Mechnikov's phagocytic concept, Korzhinskii's mutation idea and Kropotkin's concept of mutual relief, and reveals its origins in Russia's political financial system and within the very nature of its land and weather. this is often the 1st booklet in English to envision intimately the clinical paintings of 19th century Russian evolutionists, and the 1st in any language to discover the connection of Russian theories to the commercial, political, and ordinary situations within which they have been generated. It combines a wide scope (dealing with political figures and cultural routine) with an in depth research of medical paintings on various subject matters.

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Additional info for Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology)

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F. Rul'e and K. E. von Baer, but also A. N. Beketov, A. P. Bogdanov, K. F. Kessler, N. A. Severtsov, G. E. Shchurovskii, and others). Furthermore, evolutionism resonated with the materialist and positivist inclinations of the urban intelligentsia of the 1860s, particularly of the progressives who flooded the biological sciences. 74 Darwin's Russian audience was, then, well prepared for his evolutionism. It was, by the same token, well prepared to evaluate critically the novel features of Darwin's selection theory, particularly his appeal, through the metaphor "struggle for existence, " to a body of common knowledge that proved not so common at all.

Bogdanov, K. F. Kessler, N. A. Severtsov, G. E. Shchurovskii, and others). Furthermore, evolutionism resonated with the materialist and positivist inclinations of the urban intelligentsia of the 1860s, particularly of the progressives who flooded the biological sciences. 74 Darwin's Russian audience was, then, well prepared for his evolutionism. It was, by the same token, well prepared to evaluate critically the novel features of Darwin's selection theory, particularly his appeal, through the metaphor "struggle for existence, " to a body of common knowledge that proved not so common at all.

He added: Malthus's proposition, one-sided and very limiting for other powers, would be beneficial for Russia, since, judging by its natural riches and the breadth of its cultivatable l a n d s . . it could sustain a population far surpassing that of the16remainder of Europe. A seductive idea for the Russian State, but is it practicable? Malthus's progressions clearly held no terror for Arsen'ev. Malthus did have one vociferous Russian defender, the economist A. I. Butovskii. In his Essay on National Wealth, or On the Principles of Political Economy (1847), Butovskii praised Malthus as the "Galileo of political economy" who "had first thrown light on the great laws to which population is subject.

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Darwin without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought (Monographs on the History and Philosophy of Biology) by Daniel P. Todes


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