By Zoltán Tibor Pállinger, Visit Amazon's Bruno Kaufmann Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Bruno Kaufmann, , Wilfried Marxer, Theo Schiller
Modern direct democracy has lately turn into a vital portion of political lifestyles in lots of nations in Europe - and around the world. The initiative and referendum technique bargains additional channels of participation and will function a tremendous supplementary establishment in consultant democratic structures. this primary quantity of the hot sequence Direct Democracy in glossy Europe gains 16 systematic and commonly empirical ways to the examine of contemporary direct democracy in the context of ecu politics including
- method contexts and results of the initiative and referendum process
- theoretical methods and uncomplicated values in sleek direct democracy
- the standard and institutional layout of direct democratic mechanisms
- points of data and communication
- institutional functionality and fiscal effectiveness
- transnational demanding situations and the improvement of direct democracy in Europe
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Additional info for Direct Democracy in Europe: Developments and Prospects
Concerning the relation between direct democracy and the integration of foreigners in Switzerland see also Rennwald (1991). 18 This could be interpreted as a piece of evidence in favour of the hypothesis, mentioned in a previous footnote, that in (neo-)corporatist settings, interest groups tend to lean towards governments as much as towards their own members. ) 44 The inclusion of the second set of data in an extended sample generally confirms the theoretical conclusions inductively drawn from the first forty cases.
Here again, dominant “consociational” arrangements or clientelistic structures can be counteracted by such measures. But even in more centralized systems where group structures and networks may remain more informal, debates and decisions in direct-democratic ways create internal competition and new alignments may come into the open. , resort can be had to such traditions of public meetings and deliberations as a way of challenging some of the established leaderships and their networks. In this way, at least a certain ‘competitive clientelism’ can be created which no longer takes traditional elites and power positions for granted and may lead to more flexible and changing alliances.
Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Init. Init. Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Init. 13 The special case of Bretton Woods apart, there were five clear instances of external or internal integration issues. The 1986 referendum on joining the United Nations and the 1992 referendum on joining the European Economic Area concerned the external integration of Switzerland within the international community. 3 Data Analysis (I): More vs. 001). For integration policies, however, the number of cases is too low for the results to be statistically significant.
Direct Democracy in Europe: Developments and Prospects by Zoltán Tibor Pállinger, Visit Amazon's Bruno Kaufmann Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Bruno Kaufmann, , Wilfried Marxer, Theo Schiller